Capernaum (Kefar Nachum) served as Jesus’ home base during his ministry in the Galilee. There are numerous references to Capernaum in the New Testament including the healing of the Centurion’s servant (Matthew 8:5-13), driving out of a demon (Mark 1:21-26), healing of a paralytic (Mark 2:1-12), clearing of the temple (John 2:12-16), and Jesus preaching in the synagogue (Mark 1:21).
From the 2nd to 4rth century there is evidence of a thriving Christian community in Capernaum. After the Arab conquest around 700 CE the town was destroyed and not further inhabited.
The synagogue and house of St. Peter have been restored and made into a museum. It’s open from 8am-4:40pm and costs 3 shekels to enter.